The BIL creates three types of grants for the State Program:
In general, a State may use funding provided under this subsection for any of the following purposes:
- To plug, remediate, reclaim orphaned wells located on State and private land.
- To identify and characterize undocumented orphaned wells on State and private land.
- To rank orphaned wells based on factors including the following priorities:
- Public health and safety,
- Potential environmental harm, and
- Other land-use priorities.
- To make information regarding the use of funds received under this program available on a public website.
- To measure and track—
- emissions of methane and other gases associated with orphaned wells, and
- contamination of groundwater or surface water associated with orphaned wells.
- To remediate soil and restore native species habitat that has been degraded due to the presence of orphaned wells and associated pipelines, facilities, and infrastructure.
- To remediate land adjacent to orphaned wells and decommission or remove associated pipelines, facilities, and infrastructure.
- To identify and address any disproportionate burden of adverse human health or environmental effects of orphaned wells on communities of color, low-income communities, and Tribal and indigenous communities.
- To administer a program to carry out any activities described above.
A State may not use more than 10 percent of the funds received during a fiscal year for administrative costs, with the exception of the small-scale Initial Grant.